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Role of a muscle factor in the development of low back pain

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Myofascial pain syndrome (MFPS) is a chronic pain syndrome characterized by the formation of myofascial trigger points (MTP). MFPS most frequently occurs in patients with neck pain. The peripheral and central aspects of the formation of MTP, MFPS diagnostic criteria, piriformis syndrome, fibromyalgia, the impact of MFPS on quality of life and functional activity in patients are discussed.

MFPS is treated according to the international guidelines for the treatment of nonspecific spinal pain, which encompass patient education programs, therapeutic exercises, early mobilization, manual therapy techniques, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as first-line analgesic agents. Meloxicam is noted to be highly effective in treating low back pain, including myofascial pain.

The application of a low back muscular corset and its ability to protect vertebral structures from damage are considered. At present, there is no evidence for a link between the status of spinal muscles (according to magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography) and the intensity of pain syndrome and the degree of disability.

About the Authors

A. I. Isaikin
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow
Russian Federation

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021 

G. E. Shevtsova
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow
Russian Federation

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021 

D. O. Rozhkov
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow
Russian Federation

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021 

A. V. Kavelina
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow
Russian Federation

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021 

M. A. Ivanova
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow
Russian Federation

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021 


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For citation:

Isaikin A.I., Shevtsova G.E., Rozhkov D.O., Kavelina A.V., Ivanova M.A. Role of a muscle factor in the development of low back pain. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2017;9(2):95-101. (In Russ.)

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)