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Efficacy of tolperisone versus meloxicam in the treatment of nonspecific acute neck pain

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Neck pain is a widespread disease that significantly impairs quality of life in patients. General approaches to managing patients with acute neck pain are generally consistent with the recommendations for the treatment of acute back pain: its pharmacotherapy includes nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and muscle relaxants.

Objective of the observational program: to compare the efficiency of treatment for nonspecific acute neck pain with tolperisone 150 mg/day, followed by dose escalation up to 450 mg/day, versus meloxicam 15 mg/day for 14 days.

Patients and methods. The observational program covered 37 patients aged 18–65 years who were diagnosed with acute nonspecific neck pain; of them 19 patients made up Group 1 and 18 formed Group 2. Group 1 was prescribed tolperisone (Calmirex) as tablets: 150 mg/day on day 1, 300 mg/day on day 2, and 450 mg/day on day 3 until the end of therapy. On day 1 of the investigation, Group 2 received meloxicam 15 mg/day in two divided doses (7.5 mg in the morning and evening). At baseline and on days 7 and 14 days of therapy, the investigators assessed the dynamics of pain using a visual analogue scale (VAS), as well as its intensity at rest and during movement; neck disability index (NDI) and recorded adverse events.

Results and discussion. The two groups showed a significant decrease in pain intensity on both 7 and 14 days of therapy. The rate of effect onset was significantly faster in the meloxicam group. On day 14 of treatment, both patient groups showed a considerably better functional state in terms of activity limitations due to neck pain (NDI); patients' perceptions of therapy were rated as good and excellent in most cases. On 14 days of therapy, the degree of pain reduction in the meloxicam group was higher, but the differences with that in the tolperisone group did not reach statistical significance, which can indicate the comparable efficacy of the drugs.

Conclusion. The data of this observational program are consistent with the recommendations for the treatment of nonspecific acute neck pain, which indicate NSAIDs and muscle relaxants as drugs for the treatment of this disease.

About the Authors

K. V. Skorobogatykh
OOO «University Clinic of Headache»
Russian Federation
2, Molodogvardeiskaya St., Build. 1, Moscow 121351, Russia

Yu. E. Azimova
OOO «University Clinic of Headache»
Russian Federation
2, Molodogvardeiskaya St., Build. 1, Moscow 121351, Russia


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For citations:

Skorobogatykh K.V., Azimova Yu.E. Efficacy of tolperisone versus meloxicam in the treatment of nonspecific acute neck pain. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2020;12(2):37-41. (In Russ.)

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