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Chemoreactomic analysis of citrulline malate molecules

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Citrulline malate that is essential for the biosynthesis of arginine promotes dehydration of ammonium endotoxins, by participating in the urea cycle. The indications for the use of citrulline malate are functional asthenia, asthenic syndrome, overfatigue, increased fatigue, and rehabilitation during recovery following diseases.

Objective: to simulate the biological properties of citrulline malate.

Material and methods. Reliable estimates of more than 2,500 biological activities were obtained for this molecule, which were compared with those of the reference molecules of acetylcarnitine and meldonium.

Results and discussion. The data obtained from chemoreactome simulation may suggest that there are substantial differences between the pharmacological effects of citrulline malate and the reference molecules. Malate anion as a component of citrulline malate significantly enhances the absorption of citrulline molecules in the gastrointestinal tract regardless of gastric acidity. Citrulline malate improves renal bicarbonate anion absorption, which contributes to the overcoming of acidosis. The results of chemoreactome simulation indicate that citrulline malate has antidepressant, anxiolytic, and anti-inflammatory properties, which can make a substantial contribution to the development of anti-asthenic and detoxifying effects of the drug. Citrulline malate can also show anticoagulant, antivasopressor, hypoglycemic, antihypercholesterolemic, and antimicrobial effects. These properties of citrulline malate can contribute to the earliest recovery of patients after asthenia or intensive strenuous exercises as compared to those of the reference molecules (meldonium, acetylcarnitine).

Conclusion. The findings are consistent with the available experimental and clinical data and are indicative of promising clinical applications of citrulline malate. 

About the Authors

I. Yu. Torshin
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Region
Russian Federation
9, Institutsky Lane, Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Region 141700

O. A. Gromova
Ivanovo State Medical Academy, Ministry of Health of Russia, Ivanovo
Russian Federation
8, Sheremetevsky Passage., Ivanovo 153000

L. E. Fedotova
Ivanovo State Medical Academy, Ministry of Health of Russia, Ivanovo
Russian Federation
8, Sheremetevsky Passage., Ivanovo 153000

A. N. Gromov
Federal Research Center of Informatics and Management, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Russian Federation
44/2, Vavilov St., Moscow 119333

K. V. Rudakov
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Region
Russian Federation
9, Institutsky Lane, Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Region 141700


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For citation:

Torshin I.Y., Gromova O.A., Fedotova L.E., Gromov A.N., Rudakov K.V. Chemoreactomic analysis of citrulline malate molecules. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2017;9(2):30-35. (In Russ.)

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