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Cognitive impairments in young people with opioid addiction and their correction

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Objective: to evaluate cognitive functions and drug correction of identified impairments in heroin users. Patients and methods. Thirty-two patients (7 women and 25 men) aged 18 to 45 years who had used heroin for 1—3 years were examined using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE), the techniques of «memorizing words» and «excluding words», the tests of «information-memory-concentration», quantitative assessment of clock drawing, and the frontal assessment battery. The detected cognitive impairments were corrected with the standardized Ginkgo Biloba extract (EGb 761 ®, Tanakan ®). Results. Cognitive impairments were found in all the patients: moderate cognitive disorders in 68.8% and mild dementia in 31.2%; thinking disorders were most noticeable; decreased attention, frontal lobe dysfunction, and visual spatial impairments were detectable. After a course of therapy with tanakan (120—240 g/day according to the degree of cognitive impairments for 3 months), there was a significant improvement in MMSE scores, thought, concentration, memory; however, they failed to achieve the scores in the control group consisting of 10 apparently healthy individuals of the same age and sex.


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For citations:

Chukhlovina M.L. Cognitive impairments in young people with opioid addiction and their correction. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2012;4(3):45-47. (In Russ.)

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