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Current management tactics for patients with dementia

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2018-2-102-108

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Abstract

Dementia develops as a result of continuous long-term progression of less severe cognitive impairment (CI). Social and psychological methods (neurocognitive stimulation and neurocognitive training) are the mainstay of treatment for dementia. At the moment, there are no drugs both to cure dementia and to stop the degeneration of nerve tissue. Modern pharmacotherapy for dementia aims to maintain cognitive functions in the patient for as long as possible and to slow down disability, thus ensuring higher living standards. CI therapy most often consists of compensation for cognitive defect. Among the whole variety of pharmacological agents, the effective drugs to treat dementia are only two groups, such as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor antagonists. Atypical neuroleptics are employed for the treatment of psychotic disorders; antidepressants from a group of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are for depression. Cognitive behavioral therapy and cognitive stimulation deserve special attention. A high educational level and physical, social, and intellectual and activities can prevent dementia. 

About the Authors

A. V. Medvedeva
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Contact: Anastasia Vladimirovna Medvedeva 

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021 

 



O. V. Kosivtsova
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021 



K. A. Makhinov
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021 



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For citation:


Medvedeva A.V., Kosivtsova O.V., Makhinov K.A. Current management tactics for patients with dementia. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2018;10(2):102-108. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2018-2-102-108

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
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