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Headache in elderly patients with chronic cerebral ischemia: outpatient diagnosis and treatment

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Chronic cerebral ischemia (CCI) is one of the most common diagnoses in middle-aged and elderly patients in the practice of an outpatient neurologist. Unfortunately, the diagnosis of CCI in these patients is often established only on the basis of complaints of headache, dizziness, instability during walking, and lower mood. At the same time, other diseases that cause these symptoms are not diagnosed, patients do not receive treatment, which considerably worsens quality of life and leads to anxiety and depression.

A variety of diseases, such as headache, peripheral vestibular vertigo, depression, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's syndrome, are frequently hidden under the diagnosis of CCI. The leading neurological syndrome in CCI is cognitive impairment that can be both moderate and reach the level of dementia. Approximately 40% of patients with chronic cerebrovascular disease complain of headache that is usually caused by mixed primary headache. The management tactics for a CCI patient suffering from headache is aimed at treating primary headache, modifying vascular risk factors, and managing cognitive impairment. The paper discusses the use of choline alphoscerate in patients diagnosed with CCI. 

About the Authors

M. P. Platov
City Polyclinic Forty-Six, Moscow Healthcare Department
Russian Federation
17A, Kazakov St., Build. 1, Moscow 105064

O. V. Kosivtsova
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, 

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021


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For citations:

Platov M.P., Kosivtsova O.V. Headache in elderly patients with chronic cerebral ischemia: outpatient diagnosis and treatment. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2018;10(1):102-106. (In Russ.)

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)