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Cognitive impairment in anxiety disorders

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2018-1-78-82

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Abstract

Anxiety disorders are an important biomedical problem due to the high prevalence and significant negative impact on the quality of life and the course of concomitant somatic and neurological diseases. Cognitive impairment (CI) is one of the most intensively studied aspects of pathological anxiety. Impairments in attention, executive functions, memory, cognitive deficit, as well as abnormal cognitions and metacognitions are identified in anxiety disorders. Moreover, the treatment of the latter with the most frequently used drugs (antidepressants, atypical antipsychotics, anticonvulsants, tranquilizers) does not lead to a significant improvement in cognitive functions, and often contributes to their worsening. In this connection, in addition to psychotherapy, cognitive function-improving agents play a large role in treating anxiety diseases associated with cognitive dysfunction. Ginkgo Biloba extract (EGb 761, Tanakan®) that positively affects cognitive functions, especially in the domains of memory, concentration and attention deserves special attention.

About the Authors

B. A. Volel
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia; Mental Health Research Center
Russian Federation

Department of Psychiatry and Psychosomatics, Faculty of General Medicine, 8, Trubetskaya St., Build. 2, Moscow 119991;

34, Kashirskoye Shosse, Moscow 115552



D. S. Petelin
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia; Mental Health Research Center
Russian Federation

Department of Psychiatry and Psychosomatics, Faculty of General Medicine, 8, Trubetskaya St., Build. 2, Moscow 119991;

34, Kashirskoye Shosse, Moscow 115552



R. V. Akhapkin
V.P. Serbsky Federal Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
23, Kropotkinsky Lane, Moscow 119034


A. A. Malyutina
Inernational Institute for Psychosomatic Health
Russian Federation
14, Neglinnaya St., Build. 1, Moscow 107031


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For citation:


Volel B.A., Petelin D.S., Akhapkin R.V., Malyutina A.A. Cognitive impairment in anxiety disorders. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2018;10(1):78-82. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2018-1-78-82

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)