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GLATIRAMER ACETATE IS A FIRST-LINE DUAL-ACTION DRUG FOR THE TREATMENT OF RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2016-4-77-80

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Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common and potentially disabling disease of the central nervous system in young people. Not only inflammatory, but also neurodegenerative processes are involved in the pathogenesis of MS. The use of MS-modifying drugs (MSMDs)  has led to a substantial reduction in the frequency of MS exacerbations and to the slower development of irreversible neurological deficit. Glatiramer acetate is one of the MSMDs of first choice and has a dual (anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective) action. The drug has proven to be effective and safe if administered long-term. Therapy with glatiramer acetate has been established to promote the production of anti-inflammatory cytokines and neurotrophic factors, which prevent the development of a degenerative process and stimulate remyelination, and to slow the progression of cerebral atrophy. Experimental findings suggest that the drug improves the processes of neurogenesis.

The efficiency of treatment is known to be associated with patient medication adherence. This largely depends on the frequency and route of drug administration and on the development of adverse events (AEs). To improve treatment adherence to glatiramer acetate, its new 40-mg formulation has been designed, which allows it to be administered only thrice weekly. The use of the formulation has demonstrated its efficacy and safety and resulted in a considerable reduction in the incidence rate of AEs.

About the Author

T. E. Shmidt
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
Russian Federation

Tatiana Evgenyevna Shmidt - Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery.

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021, schmidtknb@gmail.com



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For citation:


Shmidt T.E. GLATIRAMER ACETATE IS A FIRST-LINE DUAL-ACTION DRUG FOR THE TREATMENT OF RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2016;8(4):77-80. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2016-4-77-80

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
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