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Partial epilepsies: Choice of antiepileptic drugs in adults in the outpatient setting

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2016-1S-4-10

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Abstract

The paper depicts the author's view on how a neurologist/epileptologist chooses an antiepileptic drug in his practice under present-day conditions. It considers possible clinical situations and therapeutic tactics in relation to the efficiency of performed therapy, as well as methods for switching to other antiepileptic drugs if the previous/first monotherapy is ineffective. The author gives main international and Russian guidelines in terms of the type of epileptic seizure/form of epilepsy/epilepsy syndrome. Despite its almost semicentennial history of effective clinical application, valproate is shown to be now a first-line choice drug for the therapy of undifferentiated, cryptogenic, and symptomatic partial epilepsies in patients of different age groups. The properties of valproate, such as efficacy against different types of seizures and forms of epilepsy, good tolerability, minimal aggravation risk, high monotherapy retention rates, various dosage forms, including the brand-name extendedrelease drug Depakine chrono or Depakine chronosphere and its intravenous formulation, favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics profiles, make it indispensable at the present developmental stage of epileptology.

About the Author

P. N. Vlasov
A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
Department of Nervous System Diseases, Faculty of General Medicine


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For citation:


Vlasov P.N. Partial epilepsies: Choice of antiepileptic drugs in adults in the outpatient setting. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2016;(1S):4-10. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2016-1S-4-10

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)