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Comparative clinical characteristics of depression in bipolar affective disorders types I and II

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Objective: to investigate the clinical features of depression within bipolar affective disorders types I and II (BADI and BADII).

Patients and methods. An examination was made in 100 depressive patients, including 25 with BADI, 37 with BADII, and 38 with recurrent depressive disorder (RDD) (a comparison group). The patients' status was evaluated in accordance with the ICD-10 and DSM-V affective disorder criteria, by using a specially developed questionnaire.

Results. BAD-related depression has features distinguishing it from RDD: sexual preference (men); an earlier age of disease onset; a shorter duration, but a higher frequency of exacerbations; a greater tendency for the continuum; a more marked decrease in social and family adaptation; development in people with predominantly hyperthymic premorbid; more frequently a family history of affective disorders, schizophrenia, and alcoholism; high comorbidity with metabolic diseases and psychoactive substance abuse; worse health more commonly in autumn and winter; a predominant anxious affect and an obviously decreasing interest in the structure of depression; a higher incidence of atypical sleep, appetite, and weight disorders; high suicidal activity; higher motor retardation (in BADI); relatively small involvement of somatic complaints in BAD I and frequent panic attacks in BADII.

Conclusion. Knowledge of the specific features of BAD-related depression will be able to make a more accurate differential diagnosis and to perform more effective treatment in these patients.

About the Authors

N. A. Tyuvina
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia 11, Rossolimo St., Build. 9, Moscow 119021
Russian Federation
Department of Psychiatry and Narcology

I. G. Korobkova
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia 11, Rossolimo St., Build. 9, Moscow 119021
Russian Federation
Department of Psychiatry and Narcology


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For citations:

Tyuvina N.A., Korobkova I.G. Comparative clinical characteristics of depression in bipolar affective disorders types I and II. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2016;8(1):22-28. (In Russ.)

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