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The incidence of Arnold–Chiari malformation in neurological practice

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2015-4-18-22

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Abstract

Arnold-Chiari malformation (ACM) is a group of congenital hindbrain malformations affecting the structural relationships between the cerebellum, brain stem, top cervical spinal cord, and bones of the skull base. In clinical practice, ACM types 0 and 1 are more common and types 2, 3, and 4 belong to rare severe (often fatal) congenital malformations.

Objective: to study gender differences in the incidence of ACM types 0 and 1 in outpatient neurological practice.

Patients and methods. A total 2039 case records of outpatients who had visited a neurologist of the Krasnoyarsk University clinic in 2008–2014 were analyzed. Neurological and neuroradiological (1.5 Tesla brain magnetic resonance imaging, phase-contrast spinal cerebral fluid flow imaging) diagnostic techniques were used. 3.4% (70/2039) of cases were randomized according to the criteria of inclusion and exception. An entire sample included 70 ACM patients (median age, 25 [17; 34] years) (30 (42.8–7.1%) men and 40 (57.2–7.1%) women).

Results. There was an increase in the incidence of ACM type 1 in the women than in the men. Conclusion. It is necessary to develop a new strategy for the prophylactic medical examination of patients with ACM to improve primary and specialized outpatient health care.

About the Authors

E. A. Kantimirova
V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
1, Partisan Zheleznyak St., Krasnoyarsk 660022


N. A. Shnaider
V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
1, Partisan Zheleznyak St., Krasnoyarsk 660022


M. M. Petrova
V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
1, Partisan Zheleznyak St., Krasnoyarsk 660022


I. G. Strotskaya
V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
1, Partisan Zheleznyak St., Krasnoyarsk 660022


N. E. Dutova
V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
1, Partisan Zheleznyak St., Krasnoyarsk 660022


O. V. Alekseeva
V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
1, Partisan Zheleznyak St., Krasnoyarsk 660022


E. A. Shapovalova
V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
1, Partisan Zheleznyak St., Krasnoyarsk 660022


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For citation:


Kantimirova E.A., Shnaider N.A., Petrova M.M., Strotskaya I.G., Dutova N.E., Alekseeva O.V., Shapovalova E.A. The incidence of Arnold–Chiari malformation in neurological practice. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2015;7(4):18-22. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2015-4-18-22

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)