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Cognitive impairments in some cardiovascular and somatic diseases

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2015-2-93-100

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Abstract

The paper gives an update on the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and pathomorphology of cognitive impairments (CIs) in different autoimmune, endocrine, and infectious diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren’s syndrome, Behchet’s disease, primary angiitis of the central nervous system, polyarteritis nodosa, cryoglobulinemic vasculitis, hypothyroidism, herpetic lesion, and neurosyphilis. It is noted that treatment for CIs should be individual in terms of virulence factors. In vascular CIs, therapy should be aimed primarily at modifying risk factors and eliminating or reducing chronic brain ischemia. The prevention of progressive CI encompasses antihypertensive and antithrombotic therapies and surgical correction of atherosclerotic great artery stenosis. Control of hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia and treatment of other somatic diseases are also of great importance. Such patients are usually given cetylcholinesterase inhibitors, acetylcholine precursors, antiglutamatergic agents, and metabolic and vascular drugs. By taking into account brain ischemia/ hypoxia in the above diseases, it is shown to be advisable to use antioxidants, cerebral active agents in particular, which have a complex neurometabolic effect. 

About the Author

N. V. Pizova
Department of Neurology and Medical Genetics with Course of Neurosurgery, Yaroslavl State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Yaroslavl, Russia 5, Revolutsionnaya St., Yaroslavl 150000
Russian Federation


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Pizova N.V. Cognitive impairments in some cardiovascular and somatic diseases. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2015;7(2):93-100. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2015-2-93-100

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