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Dizziness in stroke

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2015-2-47-51

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Abstract

Differential diagnosis of new-onset acute vestibular vertigo is chiefly made between vestibular neuronitis and stroke. Dizziness in stroke is usually accompanied by other focal neurological symptoms of brainstem and cerebellar involvement. However, stroke may appear as isolated vestibular vertigo in some cases. An analysis of history data and the results of neurovestibular examination and brain magnetic resonance imaging allows stroke to be diagnosed in patients with acute isolated dizziness. The treatment of patients with stroke-induced dizziness involves a wide range of medications for the reduction of the degree of dizziness and unsteadiness and for the secondary prevention of stroke. Vestibular rehabilitation is an important component of treatment. The paper describes an observation of a patient with poorly controlled hypertension, who developed new-onset acute systemic dizziness. Vestibular neuronitis might be presumed to be a peripheral cause of vestibular disorders, by taking into account the absence of additional obvious neurological symptoms (such as pareses, defective sensation, diplopia, etc.) and the nature of nystagmus. However, intention tremor in fingernose and heel-knee tests on the left side, a negative Halmagyi test, and results of Romberg’s test could suggest that stroke was a cause of
dizziness.

About the Author

M. V. Zamergrad
A.Ya. Kozhevnikov Clinic of Nervous System Diseases, Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, Faculty of Therapeutics, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia 11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021 Guta Clinic, Moscow, Russia 2, Fadeev St., Moscow 127006
Russian Federation


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For citation:


Zamergrad M.V. Dizziness in stroke. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2015;7(2):47-51. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2015-2-47-51

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
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