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Analysis of reasons for low adherence to antiepileptic therapy in patients with symptomatic epilepsy

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Objective: to study the major factors that influence treatment adherence.

Patients and methods. One hundred patients aged 20 to 68 years (mean age 42.9±3.0 years for women and 43.3±5.0 years for men) diagnosed with a ≥3-year history of symptomatic epilepsy were screened. The minimal and maximal durations of the disease were 5 and 59 years, respectively (mean 20.8±3.9 years).

Results and discussion. There was a female preponderance in the treatment adherence group. The patients who had secondary special education were unemployed, disabled, and single were in both comparison groups. These data are indicative of social stigmatization in epileptic patients. Patients with severe epilepsy on multiple drug therapy were prevalent. Neuropsychological testing revealed higher levels of anxiety and depression among those who were non-adherent to therapy.

Conclusion. The sex, age, and social characteristics (education level, disability) of patients with epilepsy and its clinical picture, neurological symptoms and changes were ascertained by magnetic resonance imaging had no significant impact on therapy adherence.
The factors influencing treatment adherence should include multiple drug therapy (co-administration of two or three drugs) and the high frequency of drug use, which is more frequently observed in patients with severe treatment-resistant epilepsy. Anxiety and depressive disorders in epileptic patients resulted in impaired compliance with anticonvulsant therapy.

About the Authors

M. A. Vagina
Sverdlovsk Regional Clinical Hospital One, Yekaterinburg, Russia
Russian Federation
185, Volgogradskaya St., Yekaterinburg 620102

L. I. Volkova
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, Ural State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Yekaterinburg, Russia
Russian Federation
62, Eighth of March St., GSP-985, Yekaterinburg 620219


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For citations:

Vagina M.A., Volkova L.I. Analysis of reasons for low adherence to antiepileptic therapy in patients with symptomatic epilepsy. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2014;6(3):17-20. (In Russ.)

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