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Functional writer's cramp as psychogenic focal dystonia

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2022-1-115-121

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Abstract

We present a description of a functional writer's cramp case. The disease manifested as pain and tension in the right hand when writing; thus, we suspected kinesigenic dystonia in the form of writer's cramp. However, the motor pattern and the presence of additional manifestations made it possible to assume the neurotic nature of hyperkinesis. A psychiatrist diagnosed a combined conversion motor and undifferentiated somatoform disorder as a part of personality dynamics of the dramatic cluster at the involutionary age. Treatment included cognitive-behavioral therapy and periciazine administration with a positive effect. We discuss the aspects of hyperkinesis and mental status, which help differentiate the kinesigenic form of dystonia (writer's cramp) and functional movement disorder. 

About the Authors

V. A. Tolmacheva
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery,

11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021



P. G. Yuzbashyan
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Department of Psychiatry and Psychosomatics, N.V. Sklifosovsky Institute of Clinical Medicine, 

34, Kashirskoe Shosse, 115522 Moscow



R. M. Shishorin
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

34, Kashirskoe Shosse, 115522 Moscow



B. A. Volel
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

34, Kashirskoe Shosse, 115522 Moscow



D. V. Romanov
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia; Mental Health Research Center
Russian Federation

34, Kashirskoe Shosse, 115522 Moscow



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For citations:


Tolmacheva V.A., Yuzbashyan P.G., Shishorin R.M., Volel B.A., Romanov D.V. Functional writer's cramp as psychogenic focal dystonia. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2022;14(1):115-121. https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2022-1-115-121

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)