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Medication adherence in migraine patients (data of an online survey)

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2021-4-81-87

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Abstract

Patient needs, drug intake patterns, and adherence to therapy are significant challenges in the management of migraine patients.

Objective: to identify drug treatment needs, drug use patterns and adherence factors in migraine patients.

Patients and methods. An online survey was conducted among Internet users through social networks (Instagram, Facebook, Vkontakte) from 01/22/2020 to 02/22/2020. The selection of respondents was based on an anamnesis of headaches and passing the ID Migraine screener. One thousand five hundred ninety-eight individuals (93.8% women and 6.2% men) aged 18—39years participated in the survey.

Results and discussion. Among 1598 participants, 1490 experienced any headache, 937 respondents noted migraine symptoms, and 542 (58.4%) had a migraine diagnosis. 899 (96%) of responders used medications to relieve headaches, and in 59% of them drugs were self-prescribed. 125 (13%) patients received prophylactic therapy for migraine, of which only 47 (37.6%) complied with the prescribed treatment. We found a significant (p=0.019) association between the degree of adherence to therapy and the number of days with migraine.

Conclusion. The study revealed a low referral rate in patients with headaches. In addition, more than half self-prescribed the drug for headache relief, and only a third of patients complied with the prescribed prophylactic treatment.

About the Authors

N. A. Kovalchuk
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, N.V. Sklifosovsky Institute of Clinical Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Nadezhda Aleksandrovna Kovalchuk.

11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021.


Competing Interests:

There are no conflicts of interest. 



E. A. Kiryanova
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, N.V. Sklifosovsky Institute of Clinical Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021.


Competing Interests:

There are no conflicts of interest. 



G. R. Tabeeva
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, N.V. Sklifosovsky Institute of Clinical Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021.


Competing Interests:

There are no conflicts of interest. 



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For citation:


Kovalchuk N.A., Kiryanova E.A., Tabeeva G.R. Medication adherence in migraine patients (data of an online survey). Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2021;13(4):81-87. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2021-4-81-87

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)