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Rehabilitation of patients after lumbar microdiscectomy

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2021-4-60-65

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Abstract

Objective: to investigate movement-based therapy (kinesitherapy) effectiveness in the rehabilitation of patients after lumbar microdiscectomy.

Patients and methods. We enrolled 90 patients (33 men and 57 women, mean age — 59.78±12.0 years) after lumbar microdiscectomy due to the ineffectiveness of conservative management of discogenic lumbosacral radiculopathy. One-half of the participants (45 patients: 15 men and 30 women, mean age — 60.24±12.0 years) underwent kinesitherapy under the supervision of a physician; in other 45 patients (18 men and 27 women, mean age — 59.33±11.0 years), kinesitherapy was not included in the radiculopathy treatment protocol. We assessed pain intensity with visual analogue scale (VAS) and disability using the Roland-Morris scale (RMS) before surgery, ten days after the surgery, and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery.

Results and discussion. We observed a significant decrease in pain intensity - up to 4 points on the VAS, and an improvement in activities of daily living up to 10 points on the RMS 10 days after microdiscectomy. After six months, there was a decrease in pain intensity according to the VAS to 2 points in the kinesitherapy group and to 3 points in the group without kinesitherapy (p=0.088), as well as an improvement in activities of daily living according to RMS up to 5 points in the kinesitherapy group and up to 8 points in the group without kinesitherapy (p=0.003). Reoperations were required in two of 45 patients in the group without kinesitherapy (4.4%) and in one of 45 patients (2.2%) in the kinesitherapy group (p≥0.05).

Conclusion. Kinesitherapy can improve functional recovery in patients after lumbar microdiscectomy.

About the Authors

V. S. Prokopovich
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, N.V. Sklifosovsky Institute of Clinical Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Vladislav Sergeyevich Prokopovich.

11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021.


Competing Interests:

There are no conflicts of interest. 



V. A. Parfenov
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, N.V. Sklifosovsky Institute of Clinical Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021.


Competing Interests:

There are no conflicts of interest. 



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For citation:


Prokopovich V.S., Parfenov V.A. Rehabilitation of patients after lumbar microdiscectomy. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2021;13(4):60-65. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2021-4-60-65

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)