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Sleep disorder trends in 1988–2018 among the 25–64 years old population in Russia/Siberia (WHO MONICA Psychosocial study)

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2021-3-42-47

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Abstract

Objective: to study sleep disorders prevalence and trends among the population of Novosibirsk (age group 25–64 years) in 1988–2018.

Patients and methods. We screened a representative sample of a 25–64-year-old population: in 1988–1989 (II screening: 725 men, mean age – 43.4±0.4 years, response – 71.3%; 710 women, mean age – 44.8±0.4 years, response – 72%); in 1994–1995 (III screening: 647 men, mean age – 44.3±0.4 years, response – 82.1%; 391 women, mean age – 45.4±0.4 years, response – 72.5%); in 2003–2005 (IV screening: 576 men, mean age – 54.23±0.2 years, response – 61%; 1074 women, mean age – 54.27±0.2 years, response – 72%); in 2013–2016 (V screening: 427 men, mean age – 34±0.4 years, response – 71%; 548 women, mean age – 35±0.4 years, response – 72%); in 2016–2018 (VI screening: 275 men, mean age – 49±0.4 years, response – 72%; 390 women, mean age – 45±0.4 years, response – 75%) according to the standard MONICA Psychosocial study (MOPSY) protocol. Sleep disorders in the studied population were assessed with Jenkins Sleep Questionnaire.

Results and discussion. We found a high prevalence of sleep disorders among the 25–64 years old population with the following trends: decrease from 1988–1989 to 1994–1995 (men – 11 and 8.6%, women – 21.8 and 16.6% respectively); increase in 2003–2018 (men – 13.1%, women – 20.5%). An increase in sleep disorders prevalence in 2003–2018 occurred mainly due to older age groups – 45–64 years (χ2 =122.061; υ=16; p<0.001 – men; χ2 =230.626; υ=16; p<0.001 – women). In 1988–2018 there was a 2-fold increase in sleep disorders prevalence among women than men in all age groups. This increase in sleep disorders prevalence was associated with increasing age, reaching its maximum in the 55–64 age group (men: 1988–1989 – 20.8%, 1994–1995 – 12.1%, 2016–2018 – 19.7%; χ2 =41.093; υ=12; p<0.001; women: 35.8; 21.8; 24.9% respectively; χ2 =22.01; υ=12; p<0.001). Different trends were observed in 25–44 years old women in 1988–2018 and in 35–44 years old men in 2013–2016: sleep disorders prevalence decreased (25–44 years old women: in 1988–1989 – 13.7%, in 1994–1995 – 7.9%, in 2013–2016 – 5.7%; χ2 =24.715; υ=8; p<0.001; 35–44 years old women 35–44: in 1988–1989 – 17.9%, in 1994–1995 – 20%, in 2013–2016 – 14.2%, in 2016–2018 – 10.3%; χ2 =21.177; υ=12; p<0.001 respectively; men: in 1988–1989 – 9.5%, in 1994–1995 – 9.3%, in 2013–2016 – 4.2% and in 2016–2018 – 11%; χ2 =12.67; υ=12; p<0.05 respectively).

Conclusion. We found a high prevalence of sleep disorders among the 25–64 years old population with the following trends: a decrease from 1988–1989 to 1994–1995; an increase in 2003–2018 mainly due to older age groups. Sleep disorders prevalence decreased in younger women in 1988–2018. There also was a 2-fold increase in sleep disorders prevalence in women than men in all age groups and with increasing age in 1988–2018.

About the Authors

V. V. Gafarov
Research Institute of Internal and Preventive Medicine, Branch, Federal Research Center «Research Institute of Cytology and Genetics», Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Collaborative Laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases Epidemiology
Russian Federation

Valery Vasilyevich Gafarov

175/1, Boris Bogatkov St., Novosibirsk 630089



E. A. Gromova
Research Institute of Internal and Preventive Medicine, Branch, Federal Research Center «Research Institute of Cytology and Genetics», Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Collaborative Laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases Epidemiology
Russian Federation

175/1, Boris Bogatkov St., Novosibirsk 630089



D. O. Panov
Research Institute of Internal and Preventive Medicine, Branch, Federal Research Center «Research Institute of Cytology and Genetics», Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Collaborative Laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases Epidemiology
Russian Federation

175/1, Boris Bogatkov St., Novosibirsk 630089



I. V. Gagulin
Research Institute of Internal and Preventive Medicine, Branch, Federal Research Center «Research Institute of Cytology and Genetics», Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Collaborative Laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases Epidemiology
Russian Federation

175/1, Boris Bogatkov St., Novosibirsk 630089



A. N. Tripelgorn
Research Institute of Internal and Preventive Medicine, Branch, Federal Research Center «Research Institute of Cytology and Genetics», Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

175/1, Boris Bogatkov St., Novosibirsk 630089



A. V. Gafarova
Research Institute of Internal and Preventive Medicine, Branch, Federal Research Center «Research Institute of Cytology and Genetics», Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Collaborative Laboratory of Cardiovascular Diseases Epidemiology
Russian Federation

175/1, Boris Bogatkov St., Novosibirsk 630089



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For citation:


Gafarov V.V., Gromova E.A., Panov D.O., Gagulin I.V., Tripelgorn A.N., Gafarova A.V. Sleep disorder trends in 1988–2018 among the 25–64 years old population in Russia/Siberia (WHO MONICA Psychosocial study). Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2021;13(3):42-47. https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2021-3-42-47

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