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Vulvodynia: a modern perspective on the problem

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2021-2-4-9

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Abstract

 Vulvodynia is a chronic persistent pain syndrome that affects the vulvar area and lasts more than 3 months without a clearly identifiable cause. Provoked localized pain in the vulval vestibule is the most prevalent type of vulvodynia and is interpreted as dysfunctional pain. Peripheral and central sensitization contribute to the onset and persistence of  vulvodynia. Chronic pain predictably causes significant issues  for a woman's psychological, sexual and physical health. The  diagnosis of vulvodynia includes an assessment of all the factors  associated with pain. Successful treatment of vulvodynia goes beyond identifying one trigger and prescribing one type  of treatment. Patient-centered interdisciplinary approach is the most promising, including psychotherapy, lifestyle changes,  drug therapy.  

About the Authors

M. Yu. Maksimova
Research Center of Neurology, Ministry of Education and Science of Russia
Russian Federation

 80, Volokolamskoye Shosse, Moscow 125367, Russia 



M. N. Sharov
A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

 20, Delegatskaya St., Build 1, Moscow 127473, Russia 



A. V. Zaitsev
A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

20, Delegatskaya St., Build 1, Moscow 127473, Russia 



Yu. S. Prokofyeva
A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

20, Delegatskaya St., Build 1, Moscow 127473, Russia 



I. L. Korsunskaya
S.I. Spasokukptskiy City Clinical Hospital DZM
Russian Federation

 21, Vuchetich St., Moscow 127206, Russia
 



A. P. Rachin
National Medical Research Center of Rehabilitation and Balneology, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

 32, Novyi Arbat St., Moscow 121099, Russia 



S. A. Rachin
I.P. Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

 6-8, L'va Tolstogo St., Saint Petersburg 197022, Russia 



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For citation:


Maksimova M.Yu., Sharov M.N., Zaitsev A.V., Prokofyeva Yu.S., Korsunskaya I.L., Rachin A.P., Rachin S.A. Vulvodynia: a modern perspective on the problem. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2021;13(2):4-9. https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2021-2-4-9

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)