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Assisted reproductive technologies: psychoneurological, moral-ethical, and socio-cultural aspects

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2020-5-104-110

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Abstract

The paper provides a definition of sexual and reproductive health and infertility and also reflects modern ideas about ways to overcome infertility using assisted reproductive technologies, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) and surrogacy. It shows the specificity of the impact of an IVF procedure on the mental health of a potential mother. The features of the neonatal health status, as well as neuropsychiatric disorders in babies born using the IVF procedure are described. The authors present two types of surrogacy (traditional and gestational ones) and the features of their use in different countries according to governmental legislative regulation, socioeconomic and religious factors, and cultural traditions in society. They unveil the features of a psychological relationship between the mother (surrogate and presumed one) and the fetus. The consequences of surrogacy for a surrogate mother, genetic parents, and a child himself/herself are noted to be little studied. It is shown that the development of assisted reproductive technologies (IVF and surrogacy), on the one hand, helps fight infertility and, on the other hand, entails a number of problems (moral and ethical, legal, cultural and religious, socioeconomic, and neuropsychiatric ones) that need to be solved in order to prevent psychological, neurological, and mental abnormalities in all the participants (a surrogate mother, an unborn child, and potential parents) in the assisted reproductive process:

About the Authors

N. A. Tyuvina
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Nina A. Tyuvina

11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021



A. O. Nikolaevskaya
Kursk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

3, K. Marx St., Kursk 305041



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For citation:


Tyuvina N.A., Nikolaevskaya A.O. Assisted reproductive technologies: psychoneurological, moral-ethical, and socio-cultural aspects. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2020;12(5):104-110. https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2020-5-104-110

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
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