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The use of vortioxetine for depression in patients with Parkinson's disease in the early and advanced stages of the disease

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2020-5-40-45

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Abstract

Depression is one of the most common non-motor manifestations of Parkinson's disease (PD), which largely determines both the severity of the course of the disease and the life expectancy of patients, as well as the compliance of patients to and the efficiency of antiparkinsonian therapy. In this connection, the search for a safe and effective antidepressant for patients with PD is of particular relevance.

Objective: to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vortioxetine in patients with PD complicated by mild to moderate depression.

Patients and methods. Examinations were made in 150 patients with PD in its early and advanced stages (Hoehn-Yahr stages: 1.0 to 3.0). All the patients were treated with vortioxetine at a dose of 15 or 20 mg/day for 8 months. The investigators used clinical and psychopathological rating scales, such as the Hospital Depression Scale (HADS-D), the Hospital Anxiety Scale (HADS-A), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS). The severity of PD motor manifestations was assessed according to the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) Part III.

Results and discussion. During the follow-up period corresponding to 12 weeks of vortioxetine use, all the patients showed a significant decrease in MARDS, HADS-A and HADS-D, and BDI scores for depression and anxiety (p < 0.001). Vortioxetine demonstrated an optimal balance between tolerability and clinical efficacy in correcting affective disorders in this patient group. In addition, analysis of the dynamics of motor disorders yielded data on the improvement of movement functions while correcting depression as lower UPDRS Part III total scores (p < 0.001).

Conclusion. The findings suggest that vortioxetine has a significant effect on depression and anxiety in patients with PD in its early and advanced stages, good tolerability, and a rapid-onset effect.

About the Author

I. V. Miliukhina
Institute of Experimental Medicine; Acad. I.P. Pavlov First Saint Petersburg State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Irina V. Miliukhina

12, Academician Pavlov St., Saint Petersburg 197376,

6/8, Lev Tolstoy St., Saint Petersburg 197022




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For citation:


Miliukhina I.V. The use of vortioxetine for depression in patients with Parkinson's disease in the early and advanced stages of the disease. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2020;12(5):40-45. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2020-5-40-45

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)