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The syndrome of transient headache and neurologic deficits with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL): a description of three patients

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2020-4-65-72

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Abstract

Three clinical cases of the syndrome of transient headache and neurologic deficits with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL) are first described in Russian literature. The patients were young (aged 30–35 years), had symptoms characteristic of the prodromal period of infections. In all the patients, the disease started with intense headache, followed by focal neurological symptoms: aphasia and hemihypesthesia in all cases and confusion with psychomotor agitation in two cases. All the three patients showed spontaneous recovery within 2–3 days. Perfusion computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and electroencephalography are compared in one of the cases. The differential diagnosis of HaNDL with acute cerebrovascular accident, herpetic encephalitis, epilepsy, and migraine is discussed.

About the Authors

A. A. Kulesh
Acad. E.A. Vagner Perm State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia; City Clinical Hospital Four
Russian Federation

Aleksey Aleksandrovich Kulesh

26, Petropavlovskaya St., Perm 614990
2, Kim St., Perm 614107 



N. L. Starikova
Acad. E.A. Vagner Perm State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia; City Clinical Hospital Four
Russian Federation
26, Petropavlovskaya St., Perm 614990
2, Kim St., Perm 614107


V. E. Drobakha
Acad. E.A. Vagner Perm State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia; City Clinical Hospital Four
Russian Federation
26, Petropavlovskaya St., Perm 614990
2, Kim St., Perm 614107


L. Yu. Brokhin
Acad. E.A. Vagner Perm State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia; City Clinical Hospital Four
Russian Federation
26, Petropavlovskaya St., Perm 614990
2, Kim St., Perm 614107


A. S. Chubarov
Acad. E.A. Vagner Perm State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia; City Clinical Hospital Four
Russian Federation
26, Petropavlovskaya St., Perm 614990
2, Kim St., Perm 614107


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For citation:


Kulesh A.A., Starikova N.L., Drobakha V.E., Brokhin L.Yu., Chubarov A.S. The syndrome of transient headache and neurologic deficits with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL): a description of three patients. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2020;12(4):65-72. https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2020-4-65-72

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)