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Gender characteristics of therapy for genetic generalized epilepsy in adults

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2020-1-50-55

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Abstract

Valproate is generally the drug of choice in genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE). But its therapy was changed after the appearance of the 2015 International League against Epilepsy (ILAE) recommendations to limit the dose of valproates in women.
Objective: to assess the spectrum of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and to evaluate the efficiency of therapy in adults with GGE, in terms of the gender characteristics of the latter and the ILAE recommendations.
Patients and methods. A retrospective open-label observational study was conducted. A cohort of patients was formed according to their visits to physicians in 2013 to 2017. Two patient groups were identified. Group 1 included 80 patients (35 males, 45 females); their mean age was 27.1±3.6 years; they were followed in 2013–2014. Group 2 consisted of 137 patients (53 males, 84 females); their mean age was 29.4±4.6 years; they visited their physicians in 2015–2017. The spectrum of AEDs that were used in monotherapy or polytherapy was assessed. The efficiency of therapy was determined by the onset of remission.
Results and discussion. The patients of the two groups were matched for the spectrum of GGE syndromes. Most patients received valproates; more than 35% took levetiracetam; lamotrigine was used slightly less often. In Group 2, females used polytherapy more frequently than males (p=0.03). The percentage of achievement of clinical and encephalographic remission (CER) was higher in Group 2 (p=0.05); there was no significant difference in this indicator between men and women in the two groups. In Group 2, among those achieving CER, the percentage of
patients receiving monotherapy decreased and that of those having polytherapy increased (p=0.02). The spectrum of AEDs used to achieve CEP
remained unchanged in both groups; however, there was a significant difference in the drug dosing regimens.
Conclusion. Current therapy for GGE is successful and leads to remission in most patients. After 2015, dual therapy for GGE is used significantly
more often in women than in men (p<0.05). The combination of valproate with levetiracetam or lamotrigine predominates.


About the Authors

I. V. Volkov
Sibneuromed City Neurology Center
Russian Federation
37, Michurin St., Novosibirsk 630091



G. S. Karpovich
Novosibirsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation


A. V. Kalina
Novosibirsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation


O. K. Volkova
Sibneuromed City Neurology Center City Children's Clinical Emergency Hospital
Russian Federation
37, Michurin St., Novosibirsk 630091

37, Michurin St., Novosibirsk 630091



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For citation:


Volkov I.V., Karpovich G.S., Kalina A.V., Volkova O.K. Gender characteristics of therapy for genetic generalized epilepsy in adults. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2020;12(1):50-55. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2020-1-50-55

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
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