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Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness: current approaches to diagnosis and treatment

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2019-4-136-140

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Abstract

The cause of persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is considered to be chronic dysfunction of the regulatory system for maintaining equilibrium in general and that of the vestibular system in particular, which causes a persistent sensation of dizziness and/or unsteadiness. The pathogenetic mechanisms of PPPD are associated with impaired adaptation to an acute vertigo or unsteadiness episode due to various causes (vestibular, lipothymic, or emotional).
Patients severely experience PPPD, which often leads to avoidant behavior and even disability. The timely diagnosis of this disorder and the use of right treatment, including vestibular rehabilitation, antidepressants, and cognitive behavioral therapy, are of great importance. Currently developed new treatments for PPPD are highly therapeutically effective. Among the medicines, Ginkgo biloba extract has been shown to be effective in improving vestibular compensation.

About the Authors

L. M. Antonenko
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021


E. N. Zastenskaya
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021


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For citation:


Antonenko L.M., Zastenskaya E.N. Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness: current approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2019;11(4):136-140. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2019-4-136-140

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)