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Clinical experience with piribedil in chronic cerebrovascular disease with cognitive impairment

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2019-4-100-103

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Abstract

Objective: to evaluate the effect of piribedil on cognitive functions in elderly patients with chronic cerebrovascular disease (CCVD) and cognitive impairment (CI).
Patients and methods. A total of 67 patients aged 60-75 years with CCVD and CI were examined. A control group included 32 patients who had received basic therapy with antihypertensive and, if indicated, lipid-lowering and antithrombotic drugs. A study group consisted of 35 patients who additionally took piribedil 50 mg after evening meals for 3 months. Neuropsychological examination was made before and after a treatment cycle.
Results and discussion. After 3 months, only the piribedil group showed a significant neuropsychological improvement (p<0.05-0.001). There were statistically significant differences in the measures of short-term (5.9±0.5 and 4.27±0.5 words; p<0.05) and long-term (6.4±0.8 and 4.16±0.5 words; p<0.05) memories, correction task (38.4±0.8 and 49.1±0.1 errors; p<0.001), attentiveness (421.0±0.9 and 406.0±0.6 sec; p<0.001), and work efficiency (16.3±0.9 and 12.3±1.2 sec; p<0.05). The investigation revealed that the drug had a good tolerability, neither adverse events nor drug-drug interactions.
Conclusion. When used in CCVD and CI, piribedil 50 mg once daily for 3 months is able to improve cognitive functions in elderly patients, which indicates that it is feasible to use the drug in combined therapy with essential (antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, antithrombotic) medicines.

About the Authors

E. V. Moroz
Vladivostok Branch, Far Eastern Research Center for Physiology and Respiratory Pathology, Research Institute of Medical Climatology and Medical Rehabilitation
Russian Federation
73G, Russkaya St., Vladivostok 690105


T. A. Zakharycheva
Far Eastern State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
35, Muravyev-Amursky St., Khabarovsk 680000


M. V. Antonyuk
Vladivostok Branch, Far Eastern Research Center for Physiology and Respiratory Pathology, Research Institute of Medical Climatology and Medical Rehabilitation
Russian Federation
73G, Russkaya St., Vladivostok 690105


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For citation:


Moroz E.V., Zakharycheva T.A., Antonyuk M.V. Clinical experience with piribedil in chronic cerebrovascular disease with cognitive impairment. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2019;11(4):100-103. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2019-4-100-103

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)