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Neck pain: causes, diagnosis, treatment

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2011-354

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Abstract

Neck pain is frequently encountered in clinical practice. In most cases, it is unassociated with a serious problem and ends with complete recovery. Nonspecific (mechanical, axial) pain is most common; posttraumatic pain associated with whiplash injury is less frequently encountered; compression (radicular and myelopathic) syndromes are much less frequent. Analysis of complaints and medical histories and neuroorthopedic and neurological examinations allow one to define the major source of pain. Additional studies are indicated in cases of suspected serious pathology, ineffective standard medical therapy, elective manual therapy or neurosurgery. Paracetamol, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, and myelorelaxants are the drugs of choice in treating acute pain. If these are ineffective, blocks with local anesthetics and glucocorticoids, including diprospan, are used. Early activation and manual therapy are effective. Psychotherapy, therapeutic exercises, manual therapy, and the use of antidepressants and anticonvulsants are indicated for chronic pain. Surgical treatment has limited indications.

About the Author

Aleksey Ivanovich Isaikin

Department of Nervous Diseases


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For citation:


Isaikin A.I. Neck pain: causes, diagnosis, treatment. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2011;3(4):94-98. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2011-354

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)