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Kinesiotherapy for back pain

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Back pain treatment is one of the most common problems in medical practice. The paper presents the theoretical and practical bases of physical therapy for people experiencing pain in the back and neck, considers in detail the main kinesiotherapy techniques used in modern rehabilitation, analyzes the principles of their selection for the most effective recovery of locomotor activity and for reduction of the severity of pain syndrome, and discusses the modes of motor activity. Hardware techniques that facilitate the implementation of complex therapeutic movements are considered separately. A rationale is provided for the importance of increasing motor activity and muscular strength and normalizing muscle tone, by restoring blood circulation and by reducing inflammation and pathological impulses from the affected spine. The possibilities of kinesiotherapy for acute and chronic nonspecific back pain, discogenic radiculopathy, and lumbar stenosis are discussed.

About the Authors

E. E. Achkasov
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
8, Trubetskaya St., Build. 2, Moscow 119991

G. N. Zadorina
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
8, Trubetskaya St., Build. 2, Moscow 119991

I. A. Lamkova
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
8, Trubetskaya St., Build. 2, Moscow 119991

V. S. Moskvicheva
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
8, Trubetskaya St., Build. 2, Moscow 119991


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For citations:

Achkasov E.E., Zadorina G.N., Lamkova I.A., Moskvicheva V.S. Kinesiotherapy for back pain. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2019;11(2S):33-39. (In Russ.)

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