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Current therapy for cognitive impairments

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2011-349

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Abstract

Cognitive impairments (CIs) are a highly common type of neurological disorders particularly in elderly patients. Choice of a therapeutic strategy for CI is determined by the etiology of abnormalities and their degree. Measures to prevent CI progression and dementia: adequate treatment of existing cardiovascular diseases, prevention of stroke, balanced nutrition, moderate physical and intellectual exercises, and combatting overweight and low activity are of basic value in treating mild and moderate CIs. According to the data of a number of investigations, the above measures reduce the risk of dementia, including in the genetically predisposed. Pharmacotherapy for mild and moderate CIs generally comprises vasoactive, neurometabolic, and noradrenergic agents. The indication for the use of memantine and/or acetylcholinergic agents, i.e. basic therapy for the most common forms of dementia (Alzheimer's disease, Lewy body dementia, vascular, and mixed dementia), hepatic colics is severe CIs. The long-term use of memantine and/or acetylcholinergic agents alleviates the cognitive and behavioral symptoms of dementia, enhances self-dependence in patients, and prolongs their active lifetime.

About the Author

Natalia Vasilyevna Vakhnina

Department of Nervous Diseases


References

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For citation:


Vakhnina N.V. Current therapy for cognitive impairments. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2011;3(4):63-69. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2011-349

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
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