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Cognitive, emotional, and behavioral disorders in hypertensive patients

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2018-4-116-122

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Abstract

The brain is a natural target organ in hypertension and, as shown by some clinical observations, it is affected earlier than other organs and systems. Due to the specific features of the anatomy of cerebral circulation, hypertensive microangiopathy leads primarily to damage to the subcortical basal ganglia and deep white matter. Clinically, this is manifested by a concurrence of predominantly subcortical cognitive impairment and emotional and behavioral disorders as depression, emotional lability, and apathy. Some features of depression, such as the prevalence of anhedonia and fatigue and the significant severity of cognitive and somatic symptoms in an elderly person with vascular disease, suggest its organic nature (vascular depression).

About the Authors

S. K. Abduraimova
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021



V. V. Zakharov
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

Vladimir Vladimirovich Zakharov - Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery, Faculty of General Medicine

11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021



A. R. Kabaeva
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation

11, Rossolimo St., Build. 1, Moscow 119021



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For citation:


Abduraimova S.K., Zakharov V.V., Kabaeva A.R. Cognitive, emotional, and behavioral disorders in hypertensive patients. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2018;10(4):116-122. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2018-4-116-122

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