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Epidemiology of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2017-1S-26-31

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Abstract

The article presents information on the definition of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and current epidemiological data concerning its prevalence in Russia and foreign countries.

Objective: to study the available publications on the epidemiological monitoring of JME worldwide and in the Russian Federation.

Material and methods. Available full-text publications were sought in Russian and foreign databases.

Results. It has been found that to date, there are no clear reliable data on the prevalence and incidence of JME and there is also evidence to believe that the real incidence of the disease is significantly higher due to the fact that JME is hypodiagnosed. This suggests that epidemiological studies should be conducted in the regions according to the common criteria, by establishing a register of patients with epilepsy.

Conclusion. Analysis of the literature suggests that there is a need for the epidemiological monitoring of JME in order to elaborate personalized approaches to prediction, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of this group of patients, especially those with a family history. 

About the Authors

O. S. Shilkina
Professor V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia
Russian Federation
1, Partisan Zheleznyak St., Krasnoyarsk 660022


N. A. Schnaider

Russian Federation


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For citation:


Shilkina O.S., Schnaider N.A. Epidemiology of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2017;9(1S):26-31. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2017-1S-26-31

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