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Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics

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Diagnosis and treatment of dizziness in outpatient practice

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2015-1-55-60

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Abstract

Objective: to study the causes of dizziness and instability in patients during an outpatient specialized appointment and to analyze and improve typical management tactics for these patients.
Patients and methods. In 2009 to 2014, neurologists, dizziness specialists, examined 300 patients (122 men and 178 women) aged 18 to 85 years, who complained of dizziness and instability. Prior to the examination, the patients had been diagnosed as having dyscirculatory encephalopathy (46%), vertebrobasilar insufficiency (30%), cervical osteochondrosis (12%), and vegetative dystonia (7%). 
Results and discussion. The examination established the causes of dizziness: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) (34%), phobic postural instability (22%), multiple sensory insufficiency (15%), Meniere's disease (7%), migraine-associated vertigo (5%), vestibular neuronitis (4%), acute cerebrovascular accident (4%), and other diseases (9%). In accordance with the established diagnosis, adequate treatment which could completely eliminate or substantially reduce the magnitude of dizziness in the majority of cases was performed. 

The paper describes two clinical cases (BPPV and Meniere's disease). Betahistine dihydrochloride (vesticap, betaserc) were most commonly used in a dose of 48 mg/day to treat vestibular vertigo. It gives the results of comparative treatment (with vesticap or betaserc) for vestibular vertigo in 62 patients.
The authors note the low level of diagnosis and effective treatment in patients with dizziness in outpatient practice. They show the expediency of a specialized examination, the efficiency and safety of current treatments, including medication therapy with betahistine dihydrochloride (betaserc and vesticap) and rehabilitation on a stabiligraphic platform with biofeedback, for vestibular vertigo. 

About the Authors

L. M. Antonenko
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery and A.Ya. Kozhevnikov Clinic of Nervous System Diseases, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia
11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021
Russian Federation


N. V. Bestuzheva
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery and A.Ya. Kozhevnikov Clinic of Nervous System Diseases, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia
11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021
Russian Federation


V. A.
 Parfenov
Department of Nervous System Diseases and Neurosurgery and A.Ya. Kozhevnikov Clinic of Nervous System Diseases, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia
11, Rossolimo St., Moscow 119021
Russian Federation


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For citation:


Antonenko L.M., Bestuzheva N.V., Parfenov V.A. Diagnosis and treatment of dizziness in outpatient practice. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2015;7(1):55-60. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2015-1-55-60

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)