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Psychotherapeutic correction and rehabilitation of mental disorders in pregnant women with threatened miscarriage

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2014-4-46-50

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Abstract

Objective: to study the efficiency of psychotherapeutic correction of mental disorders in pregnant women with threatened miscarriage.

Patients and methods. Psychotherapy for mental disorders and prenosological conditions was performed in 84 pregnant women aged 18 to 41 years with threatened miscarriage. The efficiency of performed measures was evaluated using the quality of life questionnaire, Spielberger–Hanin’s scale, and a therapy efficiency assessment scale in patients with borderline states. Delivery outcomes were analyzed in relation to management tactics in this cohort of pregnant women. The health status of newborn infants was assessed by the neonatologists of maternity hospitals.

Results and discussion. After psychotherapeutic correction, the quality-of-life indicators in the pregnant women with threatened miscarriage from the study group were significantly higher than in those from the comparison group. The level of reactive and personality anxiety significantly decreased in the pregnant women in the study group. The pregnant women with the asthenic variant of prenosological conditions and those who had ICD-10 diagnoses F40-48 were most successful in the context of psychotherapeutic rehabilitation. Sporadic cases of incomplete recovery were noted when psychotherapeutical support was got. In the study group, pregnancy resulted in full-term babies in 100% of the women. In the pregnant women with prenosological conditions and mental disorders from the study group, parturition proceeded significantly
more rapidly than in those from the comparison study. Significantly higher physical quotients were found in the newborn babies from the study group parturients. The psychotherapy that supplements the complex system of therapeutic measures has been shown to be highly effective in the women with threatened miscarriage accompanied by mental disorders.

About the Authors

I. E. Kupriyanova
Mental Health Research Institute, Tomsk, Russia 4, Aleutskaya St., Tomsk 634014
Russian Federation


T. S. Efanova
Mental Health Research Institute, Tomsk, Russia 4, Aleutskaya St., Tomsk 634014
Russian Federation


R. I. Zakharov
Department of Psychotherapy and Sexology, Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Ministry of Health of Russia, Russia 2/1, Barrikadnaya St., Moscow 123995
Russian Federation


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For citation:


Kupriyanova I.E., Efanova T.S., Zakharov R.I. Psychotherapeutic correction and rehabilitation of mental disorders in pregnant women with threatened miscarriage. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2014;6(4):46-50. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2014-4-46-50

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)