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Cognitive reserve and cognitive impairments: drug and nondrug treatments

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2014-2S-62-68

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Abstract

The paper discusses concepts, such as cognitive reserve (CR) and cognitive impairments (CI). It presents the controlled and uncorrectable factors that influence CR and considers the factors of increasing CR and reducing the risk of dementia. The mechanisms responsible for the development of vascular CIs and the role of vascular factor in the occurrence of neurodegenerative disease, primarily Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, are covered. The issues of correcting CIs in cerebrovascular and neurodegenerative diseases are discussed. The conception of CR is shown to be of value in the planning of management tactics for each patient to prevent dementia by drug and non-drug treatments.

About the Authors

E.I. Dainikova
Department of Neurology and Medical Genetics with Course of Neurosurgery, Yaroslavl State Medical Academy, Ministry of Health of Russia, Yaroslavl, Russia; 5, Revolutsionnaya St. Yaroslavl 150000
Russian Federation


N.V. Pizova
Department of Neurology and Medical Genetics with Course of Neurosurgery, Yaroslavl State Medical Academy, Ministry of Health of Russia, Yaroslavl, Russia; 5, Revolutsionnaya St. Yaroslavl 150000
Russian Federation


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For citation:


Dainikova E., Pizova N. Cognitive reserve and cognitive impairments: drug and nondrug treatments. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2014;6(2S):62-68. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2014-2S-62-68

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