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Experience with cladribine tablets for highly active multiple sclerosis in real clinical practice

https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2022-1-22-25

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Abstract

Objective: to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cladribine tablets as a treatment for immune reconstitution of highly active multiple sclerosis (HAMS) in general clinical practice.

Patients and methods. 34 patients with HAMS who were followed up at the Moscow Multiple Sclerosis Center in 2018–2021 received two full treatment courses. HAMS diagnosis was established in the presence of two or more exacerbations per year without treatment or one exacerbation in patients receiving pathogenetic treatment in the presence of concomitant manifestations of the activity of the pathological process on MRI. Before initiation of cladribine therapy, the median exacerbation rate was 2.3 per year, i.e., 34 patients per year had a total of 78 exacerbations.

Results and discussion. Only two clinical exacerbations were registered (one each in the first and second year) during two years of treatment among all 34 patients, the average frequency of exacerbations was 0.05 per year; in three cases, a subclinical exacerbation was noted - new Gd+ lesions on T2-weighted images on MRI, the total number of events was 0.15 per year. No significant adverse events were reported.

Conclusion. Cladribine tablets are a highly effective and safe treatment option for HAMS. 

About the Authors

S. V. Petrov
Moscow Multiple Sclerosis Center
Russian Federation

7, Skaryatinsky Lane, Moscow 121069



O. V. Boyko
Moscow Multiple Sclerosis Center; N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia; Institute of clinical neurology, Federal Center of Brain and Neurotechnologies, FMBA of Russia
Russian Federation

7, Skaryatinsky Lane, Moscow 121069;
Department of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Medical Genetics, 1, Ostrovityanov St., Moscow 117997;
1, Ostrovityanov St., Build 10, Moscow 117997



A. N. Boyko
Moscow Multiple Sclerosis Center; Department of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Medical Genetics, N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia; Institute of clinical neurology, Federal Center of Brain and Neurotechnologies, FMBA of Russia
Russian Federation

7, Skaryatinsky Lane, Moscow 121069;
Department of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Medical Genetics, 1, Ostrovityanov St., Moscow 117997;
1, Ostrovityanov St., Build 10, Moscow 117997



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For citations:


Petrov S.V., Boyko O.V., Boyko A.N. Experience with cladribine tablets for highly active multiple sclerosis in real clinical practice. Neurology, Neuropsychiatry, Psychosomatics. 2022;14(1):22-25. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.14412/2074-2711-2022-1-22-25

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ISSN 2074-2711 (Print)
ISSN 2310-1342 (Online)